Українська версія



Exposition Plan of Paleontological Museum

1.     Diorama «Paleozoic Sea»
2.     Reconstruction of Archaeopteryx
3.     Skeleton of Dinotherium levius
4.     Skeleton of giraffe
        Khersonotherium
5.     Skeleton of rhinoceros Chilotherium
6.     Skeleton of Hipparion
7.     Skeleton of Neogene ostrich
8.     Skeleton of camel Paracamelus
9.     Diorama «Northern Black Sea Coast
        in the Late Miocene»
10.  Diorama «Hrytsiv Locality of
        Vertebrates»
11.  Diorama «Odessa Catacombs»
12.  Skeleton of sperm-whale
        (present-day)
13.  Diorama «Site of Primitive Men in
        Kiyik-Koba Cave»
14.  Skeleton of finback whale
        (present-day)
15.  Skeleton of whale Cetotherium
16.  Skeleton of cave bear
17.  Framework of dwelling from
        paleolithic site in village of
        Mezhyrich
18.  Framework of dwelling from
        paleolithic site in village of Mizyn
19.  Skeleton of wolf
20.  Skeleton of primitive bison
21.  Exposition «Amvrosiyivka Bisons»
22.  Skeleton of aurochs (primitive bull)
23.  Skeleton of giant deer
24.  Skeleton of woolly rhinoceros
25.  Skeleton of mammoth
26.  Replica of mammoth calf from
        permafrost
27.  Skeleton of sea cow
        (Hydrodamalis gigas)

The history of the Paleontological Museum is closely associated with the name of Academician Ivan Pidoplichkc who established the first small paleontological exposition at the Zoological Museum in December 1935. The collection of fossil materials for this exposition began to be gathered as far back as in 1919, when the Academy of Sciences of Ukraine was established.
The exposition of the Paleontological Museum illustrates the evolution of life on the Earth — from its origin to the current state. The exposition shows successive evolutionary stages of the vegetable and ani¬mal organisms. The understanding of this process helps determine the geological age and correlation of strata, as well as facilitates the study of paleogeography, paleoenvironmental records, anthropology, etc. The exposition contains more than 2,000 original specimens — mostly from the territory of Ukraine, while the whole collection of the Museum comprises about 1 million specimens. The Museum demonstrates 106 showcases, five dioramas and two installations built of the mammoth bones.
The geological history of Ukraine is such that not all the periods of organic evolution are equally well represented in the fossil record. For example, practically its entire territory lay on the bottom of the ancient ocean Tetis in the Mesozoic Era. For this reason, the Museum exposition is almost lacking in the remains of dinosaurs, a subject of particular interest to the visitors. But among the European countries, it is Ukraine that possesses one of the richest collections of the skeletons of Paleozoic fishes and Neogene mammals; and certain localities of the remains of ancient vertebrates are second to none. The fossil materials from the territory of Ukraine are now stored in many museums of the world.
Scientifically, the mammalian bones of the Hipparion fauna are among the unique and most valuable speci¬mens of the Museum. The well-preserved skeletons of the Neogene and Quaternary mammals, in particular, the elephant Dinotherium, giraffe Khersonotherium, whale
Cetotherium, aurochs (primitive bull), mammoth, etc. are among the most interesting items on display. The adorn¬ment of the exposition are the imprints of invertebrates, as well as plants, shells, petrified tree-trunks and bits of amber with insects inside them. Among the attractive exhibits one should mention the structures which, according to the hypothesis of Academician Ivan Pidoplichko, were frameworks of the primitive men dwellings built of the mammoth bones. They were found in the Cherkassy and Chernigiv regions (in the villages of Mezhyrich and Mizyn respectively). Those were the creations of the Cro-Magnon men who resided in the territo¬ry of Ukraine 15-20 thousand years ago and left a rich material culture behind themselves. In a reconstructed form these dwellings were repeatedly displayed at the exhibitions in Western Europe and Japan.
The abundant paleontological collections are perma¬nently replenished, and not only thanks to the excavations carried out by the Museum scientists. Gifts from Ukrainian citizens as well as their information about the findings of fossils contribute greatly to the enrichment of the exposition.