1. During preparation of your manuscript for submission to GEO&BIO, please follow these
rules. Articles which design significantly differs from these guidelines will be rejected.
2. Different types of academic papers has different recommended amounts of text, e.g., theoretic problem papers – 15-20 pages, original research papers – 5-40 p., short communications – 3-5 p., book reviews and chronicles – 2-3 p. The editorial board also accepts survey papers up to 20-40 pages.
3. Figures, tables and reports should be placed directly in the text of the paper and their amount should not be more than the ½ of a paper’s scope. Pay attention that the content of the figures and the tables must not duplicate the text.
4. Information about the author(s) should be noted on a separate page. The information must contain the following topics: the name of the author(s), his/her (their) scientific degree, institution, position and e-mail address. If the paper has several authors, the name of the corresponding author should be indicated.
5. The corresponding author must send the digital version of the paper to the editorial board. The title of the file must contain the following elements: principal author’s first name, date and key word (e.g., “Tajkova-31-01-2013-chersones.doc”).
6. After the paper was accepted for publishing, the corresponding author has to send its final and corrected (considering the remarks of reviewers and editors) version and the illustrations (tables, images, photographs etc.) as separate files to the editorial board.
The Manuscript’s Design and Look
7. The paper must be presented in digital form (MS Word, preferably .doc format); page size A4, page margins 2 cm, font Times NR, line spacing 1.0, font size – 12 pt. for the main text and 10 pt. for the abstract, tables, figure subscriptions and references.
8. In Ukrainian and Russian language papers, the titles of tables and figures should be duplicated in English.
9. Titles and subtitles should be separated from the main text above and below by an empty line.
10. The names of species and genera should be given in Latin (Italic), and when it is necessary in the language of the paper too. When the taxon mentioned first its author(s) also should be noticed.
11. General recommendations for the preparation of the manuscript
- Please write your text in good English (different usages are acceptable, but not the mixture of those) in a concise, straightforward style. The paper should be carefully proofread as well.
- Do not use long headlines, titles or subtitles.
- Please do not write words by CAPITAL LETTERS.
- Avoid using different text styles and automatic numeration of pages.
- Select important expressions or concepts in the text by using bold and italic fonts.
- You may also take a look at the design of the articles in the latest issues of the journal.
Please pay attention to the right use of dash (–) and hyphen (-):
- Dash (–) is rather informal. In a text, it is sometimes used instead of a colon or a semi-colon. The dash also indicates an interval, e.g., Dnepr–Danube, P. 125–160 etc.
- Hyphens (-) are not very frequent in English but they are used is some structures: compound noun (up-to-date), compound expression before a noun (bell-like structure), noun formed from a phrasal verb (take-off), noun + -ing form (rock-climbing), before the last word of a compound number (twenty-six people), after some prefixes (anti-nuclear).
The Structure of the Article
12. An original article consists of the following parts: title, information about the author(s), abstract with key words, introduction, objects and methods, results and their discussion, conclusions, acknowledgements, references. The structure of survey papers may be different.
13. If you are unsure about the arrangement of the materials in your article, please use a paper as a sample from the latest issue of the journal.
14. Do not use abbreviations of words and phrases in addition to the conventional chemical and mathematical quantities, measures and terms. Physical quantities should be given under the SI system.
Illustrations and Tables
15. The number of graphic materials must be reasonable. In the text of the paper, you have to indicate the places of illustrations by writing their number, title and descriptions in the text but all of the photographs and other kinds of images must be sent to the editors as separate files (editors prefer .tif, .jpg or .eps formats). This also applies to graphs and diagrams made by MS Excel and integrated into MS Word and they must be sent separately too.
16. The numbers in the titles of the files of illustrations must match the numbers of illustrations in the text (e.g., Tajkova-Fig1.tif, Tajkova-Fig2.xls).
17. In the descriptions added to the photographs of samples, a comparative scale or the magnification should be indicated.
18. Digital data are recommended to be presented as tables, while not being duplicated in the text. The tables should be compact and logic.
19. Tables and illustrations should be mentioned in the text.
Citations and Bibliography
20. References to the sources in the text must be direct, e.g., (Puchkov, 2002).
21. Sources must be listed in alphabetical order. The works of the same author must be listed in chronological order.
22. For styling of the reference list please look at the last published volume of the journal, which is available on our website.
23. General recommendations to the reference list:
- Avoid too long lists of bibliography.
- Choose the most important publications on your topic in leading journals.
- Avoiding references to unpublished data, manuscripts, theses, and local hardly accessible publications is strongly recommended.